Balinese Landscape Architecture

Balinese architecture is probably one of the most easily-found cultural values of the island. Upon arriving at Bali, you will witness many of the island’s symbolic architectural designs. Public areas, local housings, and temples are built based on Balinese religious background and tradition.

Garden is an element inseparable from Balinese architecture. Garden is the integration between house and the open space, hence becoming the symbol of communication between humans and the nature. The Balinese believe in Tri Hita Karana, which is a concept that rules human relationship with the nature, God, and people, and understand that these three elements should be in harmony and balance.

The Balinese live in semi-open space. This is why the architecture often minimizes the building of walls. These walls merely function to shelter the family members from the weather. The building itself is the central of the compound which is surrounded by the garden.

You will be likely to find statues in Balinese gardens. These Balinese statues commonly depict mythical or religious figures in Hinduism. Commonly, statues are placed in a niche or amidst the greenery. The placement of these statues follows the Asta Kosala-Kosali, a traditional rule of architecture, which states that you are allowed to choose the best place to place sacred statues. You are free to place the statue anywhere with the condition that you do not put aside the discretion. In addition, you can also choose which statues to display to adjust with your gardening theme.

In Balinese tradition, there are vital elements should be available in a garden. Basically the landscape should contain plants, shrubs, and lightings. To achieve harmony of your garden, these three elements should be balanced.

You can also add water to achieve the feeling of freshness. A small pond with lotus or water lily floating can present authentic touch. Add elegance to the garden by putting candles or floating flowers on the water.